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Why Normal Weight is Important?

A normal weight is important for health in general and for the prevention of certain diseases. In addition to reducing the risk of heart disease, possible stroke, diabetes, and high blood pressure, it can also reduce the risk of many different cancers. In addition, it has been shown that hereditary factors, family history as well as our sociocultural customs influence gaining weight. Various psychological factors such as social isolation, family stress, or anxiety can also greatly contribute to childhood obesity.

In addition to the above, some people have a genetic predisposition to being overweight or obese, but in any case, most people do not face the problem of being overweight, unless there is an imbalance between the calories consumed in the diet and the calories burned. Moving more, eating less and turning off the television, and skipping sugary meals are two ways to start. Your weight, waist size, and weight can have serious health consequences for you. A healthy weight prevents disease.

Healthy weight – Is BMI really an indicator of health?

BMI is a formula that uses weight and height to classify a person into categories: undernourished, healthy weight, overweight or obese. And therefore, each category is associated with certain health risks. How to calculate BMI?

Weight (kg) : Height² (m) = BMI

BMI CATEGORIES

  • Severely underweight – BMI less than 16.5kg/m^2.
  • Underweight – BMI under 18.5 kg/m^2.
  • Normal weight – BMI greater than or equal to 18.5 to 24.9 kg/m^2.
  • Overweight – BMI greater than or equal to 25 to 29.9 kg/m^2.
  • Obesity – BMI greater than or equal to 30 kg/m^2.
  • Obesity class I – BMI 30 to 34.9 kg/m^2.

Does BMI really matter?

The BMI index is related to individual weight and height, while not taking into account the percentage of muscle or fat that an individual has. Being overweight can also be caused by some diseases. Other factors to consider are diet, physical activity, hereditary factors, stress level, etc. Certain groups of people should not take BMI into account, namely: professional and recreational athletes and muscular people, pregnant women, seniors and children.

BMI index is only one of the factors that should be taken into account when it comes to monitoring the overall state of health. However, the index could be helpful in the case of certain diseases such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, or cardiovascular diseases. BMI should not be the only factor when determining health, but it can be a good path toward meeting goals. If you want to check your BMI index, you can learn it using the BMI CALCULATOR, if you fall into the obese category, contact a personal trainer for help or start exercising on your own.

In general, BMI represents the ratio of body mass in relation to body height, but without providing specific data on body composition. It is often associated with the level of physical fitness and is used to assess the level of obesity in people. As a method often used to assess body composition and classify obesity, this method has also been criticized many times because BMI does not show the level of body fat in the body and has certain limitations in assessing people with low muscle mass and excess body fat, while the same people have an elevated fat level and still have a normal BMI level.

In addition, individuals with an elevated percentage of muscle mass may also be classified as overweight based on BMI classification. It is a very simple and time-efficient method for classifying and assessing health status. However, body fat percentage, according to experts, is a better indicator of health than BMI. So, if you have time and opportunity, check your body composition and consult a trainer after that.

Healthy Weight – What Causes Weight Gain?

Nutrition: The quantity and quality of food you put into your body have a very strong effect on your weight.

Genes: Some people are genetically predisposed to gain weight more easily than others or to store fat around the belly. Genes don’t have to be destiny, as long as you eat healthy, stay active during the day, and avoid bad habits like soda. All this can prevent the predisposition to the risk of obesity.

Physical inactivity: Exercise has a number of health benefits, including reducing the chances of developing heart disease, some cancers, and other chronic diseases. Physical activity is a key element of weight control and health.

Sleep: There is a relationship between how much people sleep and how much they weigh. In general, children and adults who sleep too little tend to weigh more than those who get enough sleep. People who sleep enough are first of all healthy and not obese. People who sleep less than 5 hours have a 15% higher risk of becoming obese, compared to people who sleep 7 hours a night. People who sleep short have a 30% higher risk of gaining a large number of kilograms. People who are sleep-deprived may be too tired to exercise, thus reducing their ability to burn calories. Lack of sleep disrupts the balance of key hormones that control appetite, so sleep-deprived people may be hungrier than those who get enough rest each night.

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